Colombia has a population of 49 million which are predominantly Roman Catholics. It is a former Spain colony and the official language is Spanish. Colombia is divided into five regions, namely: Caribbean, Pacific, Amazon, Llanos Orientals and Andean region. The Andean region houses the capital and largest city, Bogota.
Colombia’s weather can be unpredictable and there are little temperature variations throughout the year. Differences in weather is based on altitude with mountain highlands such as Bogota having a cool wet climate and coastal beaches such as Cartagena having a hot and humid weather. Dressing should be based on weather. Although certain cities are known to have a unique style, Medellin is known as the fashion capital and dressing here is usually trendy. Flip flops are not often worn.
Air travel is an easy option to travel intercity, while taxis are the most comfortable option to explore a city, buses are also available but are slower than taxis. Although Colombia has a bad reputation due to drug wars, it is not as bad as it once was as many tourists rave about the country. Nonetheless, it is advisable to stick to popular tourist sites and avoid areas close to the border of Ecuador and Venezuela. Some popular places to visit are:
- Archaeological Park of San Agusta, a UNESCO World Heritage site
- Tayrona National Park, a protected area with stunning views and beautiful landscape
- National Coffee Park: where you can learn about the history of Colombian coffee
- Colombia National Museum: located in Bogota, here, you can learn about art, culture and history of the country.
Music and dance is a big part of Columbia culture, so much so that Cali, its third largest city is named the salsa capital of the world. Colombian dishes consist of different varieties with different dishes popular in different regions; a meat barbeque called Terrara Illanera is popular in Llanos, Ajiaco, a chicken soup with potato and a local herb, guasca is popular in the Andean region.
A wide range of activities can be enjoyed in Colombia, such as: hiking, mountain biking, shopping, kayaking and other water sports. Attending one of the many festivities in Colombia is also a great way to enjoy and explore Colombian culture. Some of the festivals include:
- Barranquilla carnival
- La Feria de Cali
- Petronio Alvarez festival
- Rock al Parque
- Ibero-American Theatre festival
- Feria de las Flores
- Silleteros Parade
Common Questions Travellers Ask About Colombia
Does Colombia have four seasons?
Colombia is close to the equator, and so there are slight variations in temperatures through the season, temperature varies with respect to altitude. The seasons are often termed dry and rainy season.
What is the best month to visit Colombia?
It’s best to visit during the dry season, December – January, as the rains are less. This is also the peak tourist season.
How many regions are in Colombia?
Colombia is divided into five regions:
- Caribbean region,
- Pacific region,
- Andean region,
- Orinoco region,
- and Amazon Region.
The insular region is sometimes considered as a sixth region.
What is the rainy season in Colombia?
April – November.
Is English spoken in Colombia?
English is not widely spoken in Colombia, except in some areas such as and Santa Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina
What are the main holidays in Colombia?
Colombia celebrates a number of Catholic and Civic holidays, some of them are:
- New year - January 1
- Epiphany - January 6
- Saint Joseph’s Day – March 19
- Labour Day – May 1
- Ascension of Jesus, Corpus Christi and Sacred Heart – 39, 60 and 68 days after Easter Sunday respectively
- Declaration of Independence – July 20
- Columbus Day - October 12
What are the mobile network operators and internet service providers in Colombia
There are 6 mobile network operators and also quite a number of internet service providers in Colombia. You can checkout the
list of networks operators in Colombia
and also details about each of them.