Peru is a Latin American country with Spanish, Quechua and Aymara as official languages. The majority of its 31 million population are Roman Catholics. Its capital and largest city, Lima is one of the largest cities in South America, and it lies in the coastal area of the country.
Lima is home to some iconic buildings which make up the Historic Centre of Lima, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which has historic buildings such as Basílica y Convento de San Francisco, a church and convent; the Plaza Mayor, known as the birthplace of the city of Lima; the Government Palace; Museo Larco (Larco Museum) which has collection of pre-Columbian art, among others.
The Jorge Chavez international airport and other airports across the country have domestic flights which make travelling within the country easier. There’s bus service at the airport which makes getting to your hotel easy and safe. There are trains in some cities, however, the most popular means of transport is with buses and taxis. Buses are called micros or combis by locals.
Peru has a diverse climate and weather varies across the region. The coastal areas have a warm climate; the mountains have a cold climate and the Amazon forest areas experience regular rainfall. Generally, the dry season is May - October while the rainy season is November – April.
Like many South American countries, Jeans is a popular clothing, you should also have a jacket, as there are regular showers. There’s a risk of malaria on the coast, so insect repellents are recommended.
Rice is a staple and ceviche, a dish prepared by marinating fish in lime juice is popular. A sour drink called Pisco is regarded as a national drink.
Peru has a rich culture, with music, dance and festivals showcasing the country’s cultural wealth and depth. Some popular festivals in Peru are:
- La Candelaria, in honour of Puno’s patron saint, the Virgin of Candlemas,
- Inti Raymi (Festival of the Sun), in honour of the revered Incan sun god Inti.
- Fiesta de la Vendimia (The Wine Festival), a celebration of Ica’s grape harvest.
- Mistura, an annual culinary fair that showcases Peruvian cuisine
Asides attending Peru’s colourful festivals, there’s plenty more to do in Peru, such as:
- Visit the Amazon rainforest
- Explore the beaches (surfing, biking, horseback riding)
- Inca trail to Machu Picchu, this is one of the most popular activities in Peru. Hiking the Inca trail is a way to explore the different environments from cloud forests to mountain and forest scenery. The trail also features archaeological pieces of Inca civilization
- Coffee tour in Cusco
- Go on an excursion at Iquitos
Some other popular tourist destinations are:
- Manu National Park – covering an area of 1.5million hectares, it is home to a wide range of flora and fauna and is a UNESCO World Heritage site
- Huascaran National Park - also on the UNESCO World Heritage list, it has over 600 glaciers and has the snow-capped Mount Huascaran where you can enjoy mountain sports. The park is described as having a landscape of rare beauty.
- Nazca lines – an archaeological site located in Nazca desert. It features drawings of figures etched into the sands.
- Mancora - a resort town home to the Mancora beach, which has a reputation among surfers.
- Sacsayhuaman – located in the Cusco region, it is home to the famous Inca wall, an archaeological site showcasing Incan architecture.
Common Questions Travellers Ask About Peru
What is the best time to go to Peru?
The drier months May – September is the best time to go to Peru.
Is Peru dangerous?
There have been reports of petty crimes in Peru, but notwithstanding it is still a popular tourist destination with millions of people visiting yearly. Some precautions to take when in a new country are: you should use official taxis, stick to popular tourist areas; get a tour guide; avoid isolated places at night. It is also advisable to have a hotel booked.
To avoid getting counterfeit money, if you need to exchange money, it is advised that you do that in banks and hotels, as these are reputable places.
What vaccines do I need to travel to Peru?
Some recommended vaccinations when visiting Peru are:
- Yellow fever, and
- Routine Vaccination.
What should I pack for Peru in December?
December in Peru is rainy, so you would need clothes suited for this seasons. Jackets, raincoats and sweaters are recommended. Even during the wet season, there’s a lot of sunshine and the weather is warm, so sunscreen is recommended. You should also bring insect repellents.
What is the best time of the year to visit Machu Picchu?
The mountain is accessible all year round, however, climbing during the wet season (November – April) is more challenging. The dry season (May to October) is the best time to visit. You need to book in advance to visit.
NOTE: The Inca trail is closed in February for maintenance, but you can still reach Machu Picchu via other routes.
How long does it take to hike Machu Picchu?
It takes about two hours to climb the Machu Picchu Mountain.
What are the mobile network operators and internet service providers in Peru
There are 6 mobile network operators and also quite a number of internet service providers in Peru. You can checkout the
list of networks operators in Peru
and also details about each of them.